4 October 2013 – The global energy industry must play a greater role in the transition to sustainable energy systems if United Nations development goals are to be met, warns a report launched in late September by the World Energy Council (WEC).
The potential for billions of people benefiting from sustainable energy systems in future decades hangs in the balance without increased private sector support, it says. The WEC’s 2013 World Energy Trilemma report, Time to get real – the case for sustainable energy investment, was produced with global management consulting firm Oliver Wyman. The findings are based on interviews with more than 50 policymakers, including energy and environment ministers, leaders in development banks, governments, IGOs and NGOs, plus experts from more than 25 countries.
The policymakers interviewed expressed concern that the lack of global consensus on climate change and a future energy system framework, coupled with dramatic disruptions caused by emerging technologies and rapidly shifting patterns of energy use and supply, make it difficult to develop and implement long-term energy policies. This results in increased risk for industry and investors, which must be dealt with if the much-needed energy transition is to be delivered in the future.
The report also reveals the results of the 2013 Energy Sustainability Index. The Energy Sustainability Index within the report is the world’s most comprehensive ranking of countries energy policies and evaluates how well 129 countries balance the three conflicting agendas involved in achieving energy sustainability – what the WEC has called the energy trilemma; energy security, energy equity and environmental sustainability.
The Index shows that developed countries with higher shares of energy coming from low- and zero-carbon energy sources supported by well-established energy-efficiency programmes, such as Switzerland, Denmark and Sweden, outperform most countries across all three dimensions of the energy trilemma. Nevertheless, it is clear that all countries still struggle to balance all three aspects of the trilemma’s currently conflicting agendas. Only five countries in the top 10 have been awarded a AAA score with Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, the United Kingdom and Spain being the only countries that historically demonstrate their ability to manage the trade-offs between the three competing dimensions equally.
Joan MacNaughton, executive chair of the World Energy Trilemma report, says, “If countries are to improve the sustainability of their energy systems, they must continue to work hard at identifying and successfully implementing balanced and forward looking policies. A more sophisticated and proactive partnership with the private sector is also necessary to drive the higher level of energy investment now required. For its part, the private sector needs to better understand how policy is made and how to contribute to it more effectively. It should also be more proactive in helping to build an informed consensus that moves us away from ad hoc approaches dominated by debate about short-term costs.”
Calling for closer public-private partnership to help overcome these challenges, the policymakers interviewed for the report urge the energy industry to contribute to and promote a long-term energy vision with realistic targets.
Their recommendations include:
- Be more proactive in improving energy policies
To make sustainable energy systems a reality, energy leaders must take the initiative in sharing their knowledge, insights and experiences with policymakers, regulators and other stakeholders.
- Be less risk-averse regarding energy investments.
Cash-strapped governments with limited funds look to the energy and financial sectors to take the lead in energy infrastructure and technology investments. The report recommends a better alignment of risk with those best able to bear it and urges the private sector to engage with other stakeholders to identify suitable approaches and mechanisms to achieve a better balance of risk. The crucial role of both the public and private sectors in encouraging the research, development and demonstration (RD&D) of new energy technologies and innovations is also recognised.
- Help developing countries chart a new energy course
The energy industry and other investors must work with public sector stakeholders to identify and lower the barriers that are holding up investment in least-developed, developing and emerging economies. The industry also needs to be more proactive in helping developing countries adopt proven technologies, working with them to reduce the cost of technology transfer and identifying suitable projects that can attract investment.