In South Africa, Eskom announced this week that French nuclear and renewable energy company Areva will replace six steam generators at the utility’s Koeberg nuclear power plant.

The refit is part of a programme to install up to 9,600MW of new nuclear power by 2030, as Africa’s largest economy tries to overcome chronic electricity shortages and slow greenhouse gas emissions.

The vast majority of South Africa’s electricity is generated from coal and the government is struggling to ensure that supply stays a step ahead of growing demand.

The new generators would be installed in 2018, Eskom said.

Situated close to Cape Town, the French-built 1,800 MW Koeberg is the only nuclear power station in Africa and its two reactors provide around 5 per cent of South Africa’s power.