Worldwide use of nuclear energy is expected to grow at about 2.5% a year over the coming decades, with the developing world to contribute much of this – thus South Africa’s plans for nuclear power generation is in line with global trends.
The USA Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) International Energy Outlook 2013 projects that world energy consumption will grow by 56% between 2010 and 2040. Much of the growth in energy consumption will occur in countries outside the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), with energy use in non-OECD countries expected to increase by 90% compared with 17% in OECD countries. Of the established nonrenewable energy forms, use of nuclear energy is anticipated to grow the fastest over this period, at about 2.5% a year. Announcements by a variety of countries around the world following the Fukushima reactor failure in Japan bring credence to this prediction.