New analysis from data platform Energy Access Explorer shows significant renewable energy potential in unserved and underserved areas of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.
Nearly 840 million people worldwide do not have access to electricity and most of them reside in sub-Saharan Africa. In East Africa the numbers are staggering: nearly 13 million people in Kenya (25%), 38 million people in Tanzania (68%), and 31 million people in Uganda (78%) lack access to electricity.
Using data to link growing electricity demand with clean energy supply is essential to expand electricity services to those without power, which is why the World Resources Institute and nearly 20 partners launched Energy Access Explorer.
The dynamic open-source platform equips energy planners, donors and clean energy entrepreneurs with the information they need to electrify East Africa.
Until now, electricity planners and suppliers have often been disconnected, using different tools and metrics to determine where supply was needed, versus where renewable energy could be installed.
The platform was specifically designed to overcome this hurdle by combining more than 20 data sets on energy potential, population density, topography, income distribution and more.
Going beyond traditional tools to include critical
Without access to energy, the world won’t be able to meet development outcomes on health, poverty, gender, education and more. The Energy Access Explorer platform provides data to help strengthen the links between energy access and livelihoods.
Andrew Steer, President and CEO of the World Resources Institute, explained: “When vaccines can be refrigerated and health clinics can operate around the clock, more people are healthy. When lights stay on at home as well as at school, children can finish their schoolwork. And when food can be kept cool and fresh for longer, farmers can sell more produce and fewer people go hungry.”
Steer added: “Energy Access Explorer will help connect energy demand with supply in a way that’s never been done before to close the energy access gap, which is vital to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.”
Energy Access Explorer shows that there is significant renewable energy potential in unserved and underserved areas of East Africa.
For example, data on the platform reveals that clean energy can help provide reliable power to vitally important facilities like schools and hospitals, which often lack stable electricity or rely on expensive back-up power systems like diesel generators:
- 82% of areas housing Kenyan schools and healthcare facilities have strong solar power potential and 68% have strong hydropower potential;
- 98% of areas housing Tanzanian schools and healthcare facilities have high solar potential and 69% have strong hydropower potential; and
- 93% of areas housing Ugandan schools and healthcare facilities have high solar potential and 60% have strong hydropower potential.
The online, open-source, interactive platform includes an Assistance Need Index, based on energy demand, economic activity and access to infrastructure and resources.
It shows that 35% of Tanzania’s high-solar-potential areas are located where donor aid is needed most and 51% of the population is in areas where donor aid is needed could directly benefit from small hydropower.
Denis Bomugisha, Data Product Manager at Fenix International, said: “To effectively plan for expanding electricity access, we need more data on the demand side—not just on supply. Thanks to Energy Access Explorer, which provides satellite data and cutting-edge technology, we can achieve a better understanding of where there’s a market for solar home systems in East Africa and provide lighting, phone charging, TV, and radio to more unserved and underserved people.”
Energy Access Explorer’s data and analysis enable entrepreneurs and off-grid developers to identify opportunities to expand their markets by visualising where customers are located and where demand for electricity may be high.
By demonstrating where there is demand, the platform enables investors and development finance institutions to determine where their funding for electrification can be most impactful.
Jeffrey Prins, Head of the Renewable Energy Portfolio at IKEA Foundation, said: “The energy access gap globally has been narrowing, but slowly, and integrating energy planning is essential for any community development program to succeed.”
Prins continued: “To provide sustainable energy to health clinics, schools and agricultural facilities, we need robust data on where energy needs are and how they are expected to grow into the future. With Energy Access Explorer, World Resources Institute provides a groundbreaking, much needed tool that will make access to renewable energy easier, quicker, more affordable and more inclusive.”
Energy Access Explorer was launched in Kampala, Uganda on 4 September at an event hosted by World Resources Institute, the East African Centre of Excellence for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, and the Energy Sector GIS Working Group. The workshop brought together electricity planners from across East Africa, clean energy entrepreneurs, development finance institutions and donors.
Energy Access Explorer is free and open to all users. Start exploring now: energyaccessexplorer.org.