A group of European partners have undergone research seeking to produce hydrogen energy through renewable resources, ditching fossil fuels, which currently accounts for 95% of hydrogen production.
A €9 million ($11 million) energy sustainability project, dubbed GenComm, delivered by NUI Galway and ten European partners has launched the first of its White Papers on Smart Hydrogen.
GenComm will produce Smart Hydrogen (H2), a renewable and low-emission alternative to fossil fuels, with low impact on natural resources throughout its entire life cycle.
“The use of smart hydrogen as an energy carrier can mitigate these challenges by helping match energy demand with renewable energy supply, while enabling flexibility between the mixed uses of renewable energy,” said Paul McCormack, GenComm programme manager and innovation manager at Belfast Met.
“The partners in the GenComm project are working to overcome these challenges through the creation of technical and economic models, and an investment decision support tool that can technically and financially optimise the production and commercialisation of smart hydrogen.”
Dr Rory Monaghan from NUI Galway added: “The white paper aims to inform stakeholders in the energy industry and local communities about the potential for hydrogen to address issues of intermittency, curtailment, profitability and energy security in renewable energy networks.
“Hydrogen is increasingly viewed as a practical way to store electricity and give it new uses, such as in transportation.” Read more: Hydrogen to drive the energy revolution
Smart Hydrogen (H2)
In a company statement, NUI Galway explained that H2 can be used as a renewable energy storage medium and an energy carrier.
Thus enabling the reduction of wind and solar intermittency, allowing the energy to be used elsewhere as and when required.
In transport, hydrogen can reduce emissions and improve air quality at the same time. In heating, hydrogen can be used as a low carbon fuel source replacing fossil fuels.
Today, however, 95% of all hydrogen is produced from fossil resources.