“Adopting renewables creates jobs and boosts local income in both developed and developing energy markets,” said Francesco La Camera, Director-General of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), while launching an annual report on renewables jobs.
Renewable energy continues to bring socio-economic benefits by creating numerous jobs worldwide, according to the seventh edition of Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review, indicates that jobs in the sector reached 11.5 million globally last year; led by solar PV with some 3.8 million jobs.
Biofuels jobs followed closely behind solar PV, reaching 2.5 million. Many of these jobs are in the agricultural supply chain, particularly in countries like Brazil, Colombia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand, with labour-intensive operations. Other large employers in the renewables sector are the hydropower and wind industries, with close to 2 million and 1.2 million jobs, respectively.
Last year, 60% of all renewables jobs were recorded in Asia, confirming the region’s status as a market leader. “While today we see a handful of countries in the lead, each country can harness its renewable potential, take steps to leverage local capabilities for industrial development, and train its workers,” La Camera noted.
Renewables jobs have shown more inclusion and a better gender balance than fossil fuels, states the report highlighting that women held 32% of total renewables jobs, as opposed to 21% in fossil fuels sectors.
Although precise estimates remain scarce and absolute numbers are small for now, off-grid renewables are creating growing employment, led by solar technology, noted the analysis. “Decentralised renewable energy can also propel productive uses in rural areas. This job multiplier effect can be seen in farming and food processing, healthcare, communications, and local commerce.”
Renewables jobs expansion
Comprehensive policies, led by education and training measures, labour market interventions, and industrial policies that support the leveraging of local capacities, are essential for sustaining the renewables jobs expansion.
The 2020 edition of the Annual Review highlights promising initiatives to support the education and training of workers. Such efforts revolve around vocational training, curricula-building, teacher training, the use of information and communications technology, promotion of innovative public-private partnerships, and recruitment of under-represented groups such as women.
The report also recommends policymakers to prioritise reskilling for fossil fuel sector workers who have lost or are at risk of losing their livelihoods. Many have considerable skills and expertise to contribute to a reoriented, clean energy industry.
Read the full report.