Generation

Power generation is the process of producing electric power from sources of primary energy. Energy resources can be classified in three categories namely renewable, fossil, and nuclear. Within the generation categories renewable comprise of wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, and hydropower. Fossil fuels include coal, petroleum, natural gas For utilities in the electric power industry, generation is the stage prior to the delivery of power to end users (transmission, distribution, etc.) or its storage (using, for example, the pumped-storage method). Electricity generation is carried out in power stations also called power plants.

Contract to service Azito in Ivory Coast

[img:Hands.thumbnail.jpeg| ]7 January 2013 - Alstom has been awarded a long-term contract to service the Azito plant in the Ivory Coast. The contract covers a 15-year period and includes the delivery of spare parts, reconditioning services and inspection supervision for the power station’s gas turbines and generators.

The Azito power plant, owned by Azito Energie, consists of two GT13E2 gas turbines operating in single cycle mode and is located close to the country's capital Abidjan. The plant provides 288 MW to the grid and accounts for approximately 35 % of the total electricity production in the Ivory Coast.

Uganda resorts to more thermal power

[img:Hwange.thumbnail.jpg| ]4 January 2013 - Uganda Electricity Transmission Company Ltd (UETCL) plans to increase its uptake of thermal electricity, although this will be three times more expensive than electricity generated from hydroelectric sources. Deputy CEO of UETCL, William Kiryahika, told the Daily Monitor of Uganda that the surplus electricity being generated by the Bujagali dam would soon be exhausted and the country would have no choice but to resort to thermal power.

The UETCL’s uptake of thermal energy will increase from 268.8 gigawatt-hours (GWh) to 350.5 GWh effective early 2013. Over the same period, UETCL, Uganda’s sole buyer of bulk electricity, will reduce its uptake from large hydropower plants, with the exception of the Bujagali from 2,287.1GWh (2012) to 2,689.3GWh (2014).

“The provision is in case we outstrip hydro; we must be able to respond to demand even as we continue to develop hydropower stations,” Irene Muloni, the minister of energy, says.

Dickens Kamugisha, the CEO of Africa Institute for Energy Governance, however, says the company’s move could have been dictated by the inefficiency of some large hydropower plants.

Fuel shortage sees Egyptian power stations shut

[img:Consultants%20-%20Pic%201_0.jpg| ]2 January 2013 - At the end of December 2012 some 15 power stations across Egypt were forced to halt generation due to shortages of diesel and natural gas.

"The fuel ran dry, leading to the reduction of some 3,000 MW of electricity capacity for the first time ever," Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company (EETC) said, as reported by Al-Ahram daily newspaper.

Loan agreement for Itezhi-Tezhi signed

[img:Sign.thumbnail.jpg| ]2 January 2012 - In December 2012 the African Development Bank (AfDB) signed an agreement with the Zambian government for a loan agreement of US$55 million to support the Itezhi-Tezhi hydroelectric power and transmission line project. This is seeing the construction of a 120 MW hydropower plant at the Itezhi-Tezhi dam along the Kafue River. This loan was approved by the AfDB in June 2012.

Nigeria manages 4,500 MW at end of 2012

[img:Labaran.thumbnail.jpg|Labaran Maku,
Nigerian Minister
of Information
]2 January 2013 - Nigerian minister of information Labaran Maku says that the country’s government has finalised plans to borrow US$1.15 billion to fund its power reform programme in 2013. This funding will be sourced from the African Development Bank (AfDB). About US$1 billion will be used to finance gas supply, while another US$150 million will be used to finance the liberalisation of the power sector.

KwaZulu-Natal waste to energy project wins accolade

[img:Bisasar.thumbnail.JPG| ]20 December 2012 - A South African waste to energy project, whose development was heavily supported by environmental firm SLR Consulting, has been identified as one of the world’s most exciting infrastructure projects by KPMG.

The project includes the recovery of energy from two landfill sites, Bisasar Road and Mariannhill. The Bisasar Road site in Durban takes up to 3,500 tonnes of municipal solid waste every day, making it Africa’s busiest landfill site. It currently generates and exports 6.5 MW into the local grid, sufficient to supply up to 40,000 homes.

Genset industry surges as power shortages strangle Africa

[img:GlobalD.thumbnail.jpg| ]20 December 2012 - Insufficient power supply and infrastructure are damaging the growth of many African economies, but driving the revenues of diesel and gas generator (genset) manufacturers, says business intelligence company GlobalData. The inability of countries across the African continent to meet the power demands of their expanding industries is resulting in the large scale employment of electricity gensets, with Nigeria at the forefront of the market.

Biggest gas fuelled power plant ever to be installed in Mozambique

[img:Wartsila%20Moz.thumbnail.jpg| ]18 December 2012 - Wärtsilä has signed a contract to engineer, supply and install a major gas fuelled power plant to Mozambique. This will be the biggest gas power plant ever installed in Mozambique and second largest power plant running exclusively on gas engines to be installed on the African continent. In addition to the power plant itself, the turnkey contract includes the construction of a sub-station and a gas pipeline.

Widening demand-supply gap opens way for IPPs in West Africa

[img:West%20A.thumbnail.jpg| ]14 December 2012 - The rapid economic growth of countries in the west African region like Nigeria,Ghana,Ivory Coast and Senegal, is triggering greater energy demand. Thelack of electricity infrastructure, however, is resulting in a situation where supply is simply not keeping pace with demand.This, in turn, is opening the way for increased investment opportunities in the independent power producing (IPP) markets.

Negative public opinion won’t stop nuclear power

[img:nuclear_power.thumbnail.jpg| ]14 December 2012 - Japan’s Fukishima Diiachi disaster in 2011 focused more negative public sentiment towards nuclear power than any other single event of the last 20 years, but despite protests and political opposition in countries all over the world, nuclear power will only become more prevalent in the future, says energy expert GlobalData. According to the intelligence firm’s findings, the emerging nuclear countries are expected to add more than 95,000 MW in global nuclear installed capacity by 2030.

Nations across the Middle East, Africa and the Asia-Pacific regions will be substantially bolstering the size of their nuclear power production. These countries have traditionally been dependent on fossil fuels to maintain energy security, but with depleting reserves billed at higher prices and the impracticality of introducing large-scale renewable energy plants, many growing countries are increasing their reliance on nuclear power.

The Middle East and North Africa is the top emerging nuclear region in the world with 42,000 MW of planned and proposed nuclear power capacity to come online by 2030. Of these countries, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) will increase nuclear power capacity the most with 20,000 MW by 2030, provided by the implementation of 14 new reactors.

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