Generation

Power generation is the process of producing electric power from sources of primary energy. Energy resources can be classified in three categories namely renewable, fossil, and nuclear. Within the generation categories renewable comprise of wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, and hydropower. Fossil fuels include coal, petroleum, natural gas For utilities in the electric power industry, generation is the stage prior to the delivery of power to end users (transmission, distribution, etc.) or its storage (using, for example, the pumped-storage method). Electricity generation is carried out in power stations also called power plants.

Energy supply a crisis or an opportunity

[img:Paul%20F_0.jpg|Paul Fitzsimons,
General Manager
of power and
energy, Gibb
]31 July 2012 - The World Bank’s Africa Energy Unit (AFTEG) estimates that 25 of Africa’s 54 nations face an energy crisis, but Gibb general manager of power and energy, Paul Fitzsimons, wonders whether the continent is facing an insurmountable energy crisis or whether its current predicament is merely confirmation that Africa is poised for massive economic development and growth.

Zimbabwe power minister discusses plans to alleviate power shortages

[img:EltonM_1.thumbnail.jpg|Energy and Power
Development Minister
Elton Mangoma
]30 July 2012 - The Zimdiaspora reports that Zimbabwe’s government will soon disband Zesa Holdings into the National Grid Service Company (NGSC) as part of a restructuring exercise to make it efficient. This will level the playing field ahead of entrance of independent power producers.

Algeria looking at 650 MW of solar by 2015

[img:solar_0.JPG| ]30 July 2012 - Algeria, which together with Morocco and Egypt is a north African partner in the Desertec initiative, hopes to install 650 MW of solar generation capacity by 2015, and an ambitious 22,000 MW by 2030. Toward the end of 2011, the Algerian national utility Sonelgaz signed a memorandum of understanding with Desertec to export much of that solar output.

North Africa has some of the highest solar radiation energy levels in the world, and at the same time oil and gas production in Algeria shows signs of leveling off. Algeria currently relies on oil and gas for nearly 98% of its export revenue, but a poor institutional environment and investment climate in the country’s oil and gas sector is seeing diminished interest in uptake of investment opportunities. This is in spite of the existence of significant resources.

Tanzania to diversify into coal fired generation

[img:coal%20hands.thumbnail.jpg| ]30 July 2012 - The Dailynews of Tanzania reports that in the next three years the country will begin using coal to produce electricity, with over 1,000 MW of potential capacity to result from the Mchuchuma, Ludewa and Ngaka, Songea coal mines.

Russian nuclear state corporation increases interest in South Africa

[img:south.thumbnail.jpeg| ]27 July 2012 - South Africa has become only the third country where Russian state nuclear corporation Rosatom has registered a marketing office, having previously opened offices in the Ukraine and Singapore.

Among the objectives of the new office is the development of Rosatom’s business in South Africa, including marketing and promotion of the Russian nuclear technology in the South African market, as well as developing relationships with potential customers, partners, and regulators. Another important activity of the office will be to establish relations with the country’s business and scientific communities, as well as with industrial and financial groups in South Africa.

Workforce development priority for nuclear industry

[img:Germany%20-%20po_0.JPG| ]27 July 2012 - The rapidly growing nuclear industry in Asia needs a huge workforce to support its growth, and the importance of training programs cannot be understated, says GlobalData. Its report on the topic explains that all existing nuclear countries need highly qualified individuals to maintain existing facilities, but the growing ranks of emerging nuclear countries, such as China, India and Japan, demand a flood of new staff to ensure safe and efficient operations.

North America and east Africa the rising stars in LNG production

[img:LNG_0.jpg| ]26 July 2012 - The discovery of new natural gas reserves and the increased exploitation of existing ones will cause a shift in the liquefied natural gas (LNG) landscape, with north America and east Africa set to emerge as some of the world’s significant new exporters, predicts the latest report by natural resources expert GBI Research.

The shale gas production boom experienced by the US over the last few years has turned it from a country with plans to import LNG as recently as five years ago, to one hoping to begin exports by 2016. Several US companies will set up new export terminals over the next few years, or convert existing import sites. The prospect of sending LNG abroad has ignited fierce debate across the country, with some manufacturers, consumers and even lawmakers voicing opposition. Contesting arguments include a possible increase in domestic gas prices, environmental pollution and the weakening of national energy security.

Global natural gas trade may delink from crude

[img:Gas.thumbnail.jpg| ]26 July 2012 - Crude oil prices have traditionally been linked with those of natural gas, due to their close production association, but an increase in the global gas trade could lead to delinking, states a new report by international energy analyst GlobalData. This change may be driven by the decrease in conventional natural gas production in Europe and the corresponding boost in imports, especially during the winter season.

Benue state in Nigeria to get 1,200 MW coal fired power...

[img:Private%20-%20Pic%201_0.jpg| ]25 July 2012 - A joint venture between Sepco111 of China and Pacific Energy of Nigeria intends to construct a US$4 billion 1,200 MW coal fired power station in Benue State. Sepco 111 is the builder and manager of the 750 MW Olorunshogo phase II facility. The latter has four gas turbines already commissioned to deliver 500 MW to the national grid, though it is subject to the availability of gas. The remaining two turbines are scheduled for commissioning this year.

Life extension favoured for Koeberg

[img:Koeberg%20-%20w_0.jpg| ]25 July 2012 - Eskom’s Koeberg nuclear power station (surrounded by a 3,000 ha private game reserve owned by the utility) near Cape Town boasts the largest turbine generators in the southern hemisphere and is the most southerly-situated nuclear power station in the world. Low and intermediate waste from Koeberg is transported by road in steel and corporate containers to a remote disposal site in the Kalahari Desert.

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