Ghana re-examines gas supply agreement with Cenpower
Ghana re-examines gas supply agreement with Cenpower. Image: 123rf

Cenpower, a major power producer in Ghana has reached an agreement with the government to switch its primary fuel from light crude oil to natural gas. This is the country’s efforts to lower carbon emissions footprint.

Cenpower has also signed a gas supply agreement (GSA) with the Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC). Gas operations are expected to begin by the end of this week.

The GSA is a key part of the proposal put forward by the government during negotiations with Cenpower and will deliver substantial cost savings, estimated at $3 billion over the remaining term of the Cenpower PPA.

A media statement explained that the move to natural gas will alleviate the considerable pressure on the government from its take-or-pay commitments with fuel suppliers and allow for the substitution of imported fuels with locally available natural gas, thus positively impacting the capital account.

“This project is an excellent example of the public and private sectors working together in Ghana to attract private investment while ensuring sustainable development,” reads part of the statement.

The statement further underlined that at present, Ghana pays over $500 million a year for unused electricity. Most of the power PPAs are legacy agreements, entered into under the previous administration in an uncoordinated and short-sighted attempt to end dumsor (power outages).

The tariffs agreed were not competitive and have contributed significantly to the build-up of debt in the sector and oversupply of energy.

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“This government, in collaboration with the World Bank, established the Energy Sector Recovery Programme (ESRP), identifying the policies and actions needed for financial recovery in the energy sector over a five-year horizon (2019-2023). As part of these reforms, government is taking steps to institute competitive bidding for future additional capacity, so as to ensure that future tariffs are fair and in line with expected pricing benchmarks,” the statement revealed.

The minister for finance, Ken Ofori-Atta said: “We welcome Cenpower’s commitment to Ghana and recognise Cenpower’s conversion to gas as a significant step in helping regenerate Ghana’s energy sector.

“In recent weeks, there has been increased momentum under the ESRP consultation process towards resolving some extremely challenging legacy issues inherited from the previous administration.”

Energy Sector Recovery Programme

According to the statement, government has demonstrated its commitment to the ESRP by actively developing whole-of-sector initiatives and reforms, including implementation of the Cash Waterfall Mechanism (CWM) in April 2020, which allows tariff revenues of the Electricity Company of Ghana (ECG) to be distributed in a more transparent manner. As well, government is managing payment of energy sector arrears, despite the challenging fiscal situation, which has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.

The government negotiating team, established under the Energy Sector Recovery Task Force (ESRTF), which is helmed by the Senior Minister, is working bilaterally with independent power producers (IPPs) and gas suppliers (GSs) under the ESRP Consultation Process, to secure more favourable agreements for both parties and achieve a balanced energy sector capable of delivering fair, long-term energy partnerships and solutions.

Government says it has undertaken these discussions in good faith and urges all IPPs to continue working closely with the government negotiating team to conclude negotiations as soon as possible. In September, the government successfully secured terms for an amended PPA with CENIT Power Limited.

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Ghana starts renegotiating existing power purchase agreements

As part of the ESRP Consultation Process, the government has also directly engaged IPP lenders in negotiations, offering to refinance outstanding facilities at a discount through a designated energy fund. Clearly, lenders have a crucial role to play in alleviating the debilitating financial strain on Government – arising from the onerous and unbalanced legacy energy sector contracts – by renegotiating on terms that provide significant tariff reductions.

Globally, financial institutions are having to reconsider their positions in light of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and its devastating impact on national economies, including triggering defaults and credit downgrades. Government urges lenders to take a sensible and pragmatic approach and urgently consider the refinancing proposals in order to conclude negotiations as quickly as possible.