gas senegal
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By David Stent, Content Manager, Energy Council

Senegal has begun its economic recovery following the initial COVID-19 pandemic, notably pausing production of the Greater Tortue Ahmeyim (GTA) and Sangomar gas fields. The recent discoveries had heralded a promising new age for the Senegalese economy until the COVID-19 pandemic hit the global oil and gas industry, placing many projects on hold as the market stabilised.

The article appeared in ESI Africa Issue 1-2021.
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The West African nation, like most others, has seen its economic growth forecasts slashed from a prepandemic 6.4% in 2020 to just 3.3% – a 0.9% year-on-year expansion, according to Fitch Ratings published in December 2020. While the economic retraction is far from ideal, Senegal can look to the recent gas discoveries to restore life into the local economy.

The ratings company predicts a growth recovery at 5.4% in 2021 and 6.4% in 2022 – 3.3% above the medium-term sub-Saharan African average. While at an economic forum in Dakar held in September, President Mackay Sall announced a growth estimate of 13.7% by 2023 due to oil and gas discoveries.

New offshore gas resources could boost economy

The Greater Tortue Ahmeyim gas discovery represents a promising new era for the country. Senegal seeks to take advantage of new-found gas resources in the offshore basin that straddles the border with Mauritania. Owned as a joint venture between BP, Kosmos Energy, Petrosen and SMHPM, the GTA is the deepest offshore gas field in Africa to date, lying in waters over 2km deep.

The initial timeline had earmarked an early 2022 date for the start of commercial production. However, COVID-19 led the operator, BP, into declaring a force majeure – allowing them to unilaterally halt production due to international travel restrictions, market volatility and stark barriers to completing construction and installations. Among the projects paused was Golar LNG’s floating processing facility.

Following the production pause, Bloomberg reported that Phase 1 of the GTA timeline had been revised to the first production in 2023 and at a revised cost of $4.3 billion – an added $300 million cost above original estimates.

The GTA field is thought to hold up to 15 trillion cubic feet of gas, with BP and Kosmos estimating 100 tcf in the wider basin. When completed, the Golar floating LNG facility is expected to process 2.5 million tonnes of gas per annum during the Phase 1 cycle.

Delays in the oil and gas pipeline

The offshore Sangomar oil and gas field development, 100km south of Dakar, has given Senegal’s fortunes an additional boost. It is the first oil discovery in Senegal, and the country believes it holds the potential to bring an added impetus to the regional oil and gas sector.

The Rufisque Offshore, Sangomar Offshore and Sangomar Deep Offshore (RSSD) joint venture is owned by Woodside (operator), FAR Ltd and PetroSen. First discovered in 2014, the development timeline initially set the development of the field to commence in early 2020. Yet, as the global pandemic threw the oil markets into chaos, the timeline for first commercial production had to be reviewed.

The $4.2 billion project had threatened to be slowed by the anticipated sale of a portion of FAR’s 13.67% stake in the Sagomar exploration field and 15% of the RSSD evaluation area to Woodside, all while FAR Ltd concurrently considers a takeover of the company by the Russian E&P outfit, Lukoil. Reuters reported that Lukoil had proposed a non-legally binding bid that values FAR Ltd at $170 million.

Despite the pandemic, Woodside has reaffirmed its commitment to the original project timeline that intended the first oil production to happen in 2023. The Australian company is confident that this timeline can still be met, albeit a few months later in the year.

The oil field will be serviced by a permanently moored FPSO vessel built by MODEC, which the company says can process 100,000 barrels of crude per day with a storage capacity of 1,3 million barrels of crude.

Taking stock

Senegal’s government is under pressure to extract the greatest value from these finds and channel them toward developing the local economy. Since 2000, Senegal has improved the lives of its citizens across most metrics, growing the GDP from $6 billion to $23 billion, expanding access to education and healthcare and extending life expectancy by ten years.

With these discoveries and the laws regulating the oil and gas sector, most forecasts predict Senegal will exceed economic expectations and successfully rebound from a challenging period under the COVID-19 pandemic.

The global downturn, especially within the oil and gas industry, allowed for a moment to consider the operational expenditures and commitment to the developments. Ultimately, the reformed regulatory environment in Senegal has promoted confidence from both investors and operators – a confidence deepened by the response of oil and gas markets to surge close to pre-2020 prices.

Acknowledgement
This article, edited by ESI Africa, was originally published online on 14 April 2021 and is republished with permission from the Energy Council.

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