To facilitate Kenya’s decarbonisation process, the country is looking to circular economy initiatives including the recovery, regeneration and reuse of agricultural and food waste in the biofuel industry.
As such, Eni and the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining of Kenya signed an MoU to develop new industrial models of the fully integrated circular economy along the whole biofuel production value chain.
The development of the biofuel value chain will promote the decarbonisation of processes to tackle climate change.
The parties will jointly conduct feasibility studies to develop waste and residue collection as well as agricultural projects. The purpose is to establish a wide range of feedstock sources that do not compete with food cycles, to be transformed into biofuels and bio-products that might contribute to feeding Eni’s bio-refineries in Gela and Venice, Italy.
The parties will also assess the opportunity of converting the Mombasa refinery into a bio-refinery, as well as the construction of a new plant for second-generation bio-ethanol from waste biomass, leveraging on Eni technologies.
Feedstock for biofuel industry in Kenya to include used cooked oil
The agricultural development project focuses on the development of sustainable oil crop cultivations – namely, low ILUC (indirect land-use change) feedstock such as cover crops, castor in degraded lands, croton trees in agroforestry systems and other agro-industrial co-products.
The waste and residue collection would be focused to promote and implement a collection system for used cooked oil (UCO) and other agro-processing residues.
This initiative will contribute to diversifying Kenya’s energy mix and supporting the overall decarbonisation process, while also decreasing the country’s dependence on imports of petroleum products.
Other expected benefits include developing sustainable agricultural activities and a circular economy, producing power from renewable sources, fostering the economic competitiveness of the local industry and creating new jobs.
The agreement contributes to the objectives of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and to the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The projects will also contribute to the implementation of the Kenya Bioenergy Strategy, Updated Nationally Determined Contribution, Kenya’s National Development Plans, including Kenya Vision 2030.