In response to Nedbank releasing its Energy Policy and updated Climate Change Position Statement, Just Share states this is by far the most ambitious fossil fuel financing policy of any South African bank.
Just Share, a non-profit shareholder activism organisation. believes Nedbank also appears to set a global leadership standard among large commercial banks, by avoiding the adoption of the standard “net zero by 2050” target, and instead aiming for zero fossil fuel exposure by 2045.
The Energy Policy clearly articulates the urgent need to decarbonise Nedbank’s financing, includes specific short-, medium-, and long-term deadlines for doing so, and expands on Nedbank’s fossil fuel financing exclusions.
The Paris Agreement requires urgent action “to reach global peaking of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as soon as possible” and to “make finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low GHG emissions and climate-resilient development”.
This requires all financial institutions rapidly to limit their exposure to fossil fuels, and to scale up and direct financing towards assets and investments necessary for transitioning to low-carbon, resilient and sustainable economies.
Nedbank does not simply pay lip service to the goals of the Paris Agreement, but demonstrates, through its Energy Policy and Climate Change Position Statement (Climate Statement), that it understands the implications of the Paris Agreement, and of climate science, for its financing.
As the Climate Statement points out, “immediate, rapid and profound” changes are required in the energy sector. The Energy Policy recognises the need for a “zero carbon energy system by 2050” and, importantly, that an “orderly exit” from fossil fuel financing is necessary “well before 2050”.
While Nedbank will continue to finance natural gas production “where it will play an essential role in facilitating the transition to a zero-carbon energy system by 2050”, it aims to have zero exposure to all activities related to fossil fuels (except when required to back up renewable power) by 2045.
The Climate Statement recognises that delaying the peaking of carbon emissions will require “steeper and deeper subsequent reductions to compensate for the higher interim emissions”.
Nedbank was already the only South African bank to have completely excluded the prospect of funding coal-fired power. Other banks have been far less ambitious, preferring, in their policies, to keep the door open to funding coal-fired electricity in certain circumstances, depending on the technology, the plant size, or the jurisdiction. This approach fails to recognise that a rapid and extensive scaling up of renewable energy generation is the most cost-optimal energy pathway for the continent, and presents significant economic benefits and opportunities.
In addition to excluding funding to coal-fired power, Nedbank’s Energy Policy excludes:
- financing to thermal coal mines outside of South Africa;
- direct financing of any new oil exploration projects;
- direct financing of any new gas exploration projects;
- financing for new utility-scale or embedded oil-fired power generation, unless it is integrated as backup supply to renewable generation projects;
- from 1 January 2025: project financing for any new thermal coal mines;
- from 1 January 2030: financing for new utility-scale or embedded gas-fired power generation, except:
- for renewable generation projects with integrated gas-fired backup supply; or
- for the conversion of existing coal- or oil-based generation to gas, to the extent that it is necessary to facilitate the transition to a zero-carbon energy system; or
- for mid-merit or peaking capacity, to the extent that it is necessary to facilitate the transition to a zero-carbon energy system; and
- from 1 January 2035: any new financing for oil production.
Furthermore, the Energy Policy does not rely on the outdated, misleading narratives put forward by some other banks, that growth in fossil fuels is required for energy security, “development”, and poverty alleviation in Africa.
In stark contrast, Nedbank’s Energy Policy recognises the need to increase “efforts to finance non-fossil energy solutions needed to support socio-economic development and build resilience to climate change”. Crucially, the Climate Statement notes that “the just transition is not a trade-off versus climate action; its achievement is inextricably linked to avoiding dangerous climate change”.
In its Climate Statement, Nedbank points out that poverty and inequality are exacerbated by climate change, and that Africa is not only very vulnerable to climate change’s impacts, but has limited adaptive capacity. It recognises that “without urgent, unprecedented action and cooperation from all stakeholders, future prospects for economic development, political stability and societal wellbeing are expected to deteriorate”.
The NPO’s director of climate change engagement, Robyn Hugo, commented: “Just Share commends Nedbank for its ambition. We hope that its approach will provide a much-needed impetus to other financial institutions to set meaningful, climate science-based decarbonisation targets and fossil fuel financing exclusions. We also call on all banks to abandon the narrative that the growth of fossil fuels is required for increased energy security and poverty reduction in Africa.”