17 July 2012 – A carbon liquid catalyst called BMES-H2 has been developed that reacts with hydrocarbon based fossil fuel such as coal, heavy fuel oil (HFO), diesel, natural gas, oil sands, liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) etc. to enhance their combustion calorific efficiency.
BMES-H2 can be used in industrial boilers with a heating temperature of ≥ 500°C. It works by reacting with the hydrocarbons in coal and releasing the inherent hydrocarbons so that the burning will be more efficient and the boiler optimised. Ideal industries would be power plants, metal foundries, cement plants, boilers and furnaces etc. as they all use very high heating temperature. In-house test results shows that by applying about 1% of BMES-H2 onto coal, the output of the combustion efficiency can be improved by approximately 20%.
For a 500 MW coal fired power plant, the annual coal savings could be about US$18 million. For LNG and LPG, the savings will be even more substantial as their hydrocarbon content is much higher. For ease of application, BMES-H2 can be premixed with the fuel after production before transportation.
A test was undertaken in Shandong, China which mixed 1% of BMES-H2 into a coal water slurry and there was a 19% increase in steam output.
BMES-H2 is derived from biomass such as cassava, sugar cane or beet root. Through a cellulosic fermentation process, using sugar cane molasses and a proprietary strain of bacteria, the final product is a mixture of organic molecules with superior catalytic properties.