11 January 2013 – In the first global energy competitiveness index launched by KPMG at the end of 2012, 146 countries were surveyed according to three key criteria: the quality of their energy mix, electricity access and availability levels and environmental footprint.
The overall top ranked country was Norway, followed closely by Canada and Iceland. France was the top country in Europe at 9th and the leading African country, which came in at number 40, turns out to be Angola.
Europe registered by far the best energy performance with all criteria taken into account, ahead of the Americas, Asia and Africa. The Nordic countries (Norway, Iceland, Denmark, Sweden and Finland) are among the best performers on the planet. Four EU countries appear in the global top 10 (Denmark, Sweden, Finland and France), and five others (the UK, Austria, Germany, Slovakia and Spain) are in the Top 20. For the electricity quality, availability and access criterion, eleven European countries ranked among the first fifteen in the world.
Nearly 40% of the countries surveyed are regarded as being in an intermediate position, with their energy assets very often counterbalanced by weaknesses. These include Egypt ranked 50th, Algeria ranked 55th along with Equatorial Guinea and Gabon 60th. South Africa ranked 61st along with Republic of Congo (Brazzaville), while the Democratic Republic of the Congo ranked 69th. Among the other African countries in the survey, Cameroon placed 69th with Tunisia, Zimbabwe was placed 75th as was Libya. Mozambique placed 91st, Nigeria 94th with Cote d’Ivoire, Zambia 96th, and Namibia 99th along with Sudan and South Sudan.
A number of countries in central Africa (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Angola and Gabon) stand out thanks to their hydrocarbon availability and plentiful hydro resources.
Countries whose general ranking is termed deficient include Ghana at 105th along with Mauritius, Malawi at 109th, Mali at 112th, Kenya at 115th along with Morocco, while Botswana, Mauritania and Ethiopia all placed at 125th, Tanzania at 133rd, and Rwanda at 136th.
Countries whose performance was regarded as unsatisfactory included Eritrea at 137th along with Niger and Senegal, as well as Madagascar at 142nd, Togo at 143rd, Burkina Faso at 144th and last among the 146 countries surveyed, Benin.