Pic credit: ucsusa.org
The number of internal combustion engine vehicles to be reduced. Pic credit: ucsusa.org

New analysis from Frost & Sullivan released on Wednesday, finds that while alternative propulsion vehicles continue to make inroads in several countries, internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles will constitute close to 95% of total production by 2020.

The ‘Strategic Analysis of Emission Control Programmes in Key Markets Towards 2020’ reports that decreasing air quality levels in highly industrialised nations are forcing governments to bring in radical measures for emission control. These measures will mostly constitute programmes aimed at cutting down the number of ICE-propelled vehicles on the road. As a result, the sales of electric vehicles (EVs) are expected to exceed 2 million units globally within five years.

Technology acceptance

Transmission technologies like dual clutch transmissions and high-speed automatics will increasingly gain acceptance in large and small vehicle segments looking to minimise friction and boost fuel economy, states the report.

Frost & Sullivan’s automotive and transportation senior research analyst, Sudeep Kaippalli explained: “In North America, higher pressure gasoline direct injection systems, spray guided injection, advanced electric assisted solutions and waste gate turbo technologies will be key areas of focus.”

He continued: “European countries will enforce stronger regulations for nitrogen oxide and particulate matter emissions in diesel vehicles.”

The main challenge is that not enough is being done to increase consumer acceptance of low emission technologies. In regions such as China and the United Kingdom, where radical emission control measures are being introduced, factors that create buyer acceptance – charging infrastructure and selling price incentives – will need to be spruced up to attract customers.

“Expanding the network of fast charging stations through public or proprietary models will be crucial to eliminate ‘range anxiety’ and encourage the purchase of alternatively propelled vehicles,” explained Kaippalli.

“Such efforts will widen the scope of the EV service equipment industry in the short to medium term and play a significant role in improving global emission control”, he concluded.