“Renewable technologies such as hydro, wind and solar are dependent on a developed transmission system”

Mikael_TogebyExclusive interview with Mikael Togeby of ‎Ea Energy Analyses in Denmark and a speaker at the session on the Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP) Master Plan at the upcoming EAPIC in September in Nairobi.

1) Can we start with some background on Ea Energy Analyses and your role in the organisation?
We are a private Danish consultancy company. See www.eaea.dk. I have been a partner in the company since its inception in 2005.

2) What was your role in the EAPP Master Plan?
Ea Energy Analyses and the Danish Transmission System Operator, Energinet.dk, worked for EAPP in a twinning project – including development of the Master Plan as well as training within market development and operation. I was project manager in this process. The work took place from August 2013 and January 2015. We worked closely together with EAPP and the member utilities from the 10 EAPP countries. In the final process with had a series of meeting with the EAPP, Technical Sub-committee for Planning.

3) In what stage is the Master Plan currently?
The Master plan is complete and has been accepted by EAPP Steering Committee (the utilities) and by COM (the Governments).

4) How will the Master Plan improve regional power integration?
– The Master plan recommends a number of new transmission projects. These are all least cost solutions that are economically attractive. The plan can act as a blue print for these projects.
– The method that has been used is unique: Generation and transmission are optimised at the same time. In this way, the best balance between generation and transmission is found.

5) Which T&D projects have been identified as key to the Master Plan?
– The Master Plan points at a number of transmission projects. In the table below the recommended lines for 2020 and 2025 are described. The plan describes projects all the way to 2040.

– Distribution was not considered in the work.

6) What is the vision for this plan?
a. Regional cooperation about least cost expansion of generation and transmission.
b. Free trade of electricity between countries.
c. Regional coordination of issues related to security of supply and environmental regulation.

7) What do you believe will be the main challenges in implementation?
I will take years of step-by-step practise to fully execute the regional perspective.

8) Does East Africa have unique challenges?
Developing a Master Plan for a country can be a challenge. Developing a Master Plan for 12 countries (the 10 EAPP countries and South Sudan and Djibouti) can seem like an impossible task – but we did it!

9) What will be your message at EAPIC this year?
a. The regional perspective can reduce cost of supplying electricity and can improve the security of supply.
b. We found that there was never a dry year in all 12 countries at the same time.
c. Renewable technologies such as hydro, wind and solar are dependent on a developed transmission system.
d. Finally, I would like to recommend the open source software that we used for this task: Balmorel. It is now running on the EAPP headquarter – and has proven to deliver high quality results and with the highest level of transparency.

10) Anything you would like to add?
All the documents can be found at:
http://www.ea-energianalyse.dk/projects-english/1332_development_regional_master_plan.html