Global technological advancements are in stark contrast to development in most regions in Africa, particularly sub-Saharan Africa with its reliance on biomass as a primary source of energy. Where modern electricity is distributed, it is either grossly undersupplied, or of such disruptively low quality that it does not stimulate the required levels of industrial and commercial activities needed to improve standards of living and drive economies.
It is in rural communities (home to the majority of the Africans living within the sub-Saharan region) that unsustainable biomass is still used as the primary source of energy. In response to this challenge, various governments are developing and implementing initiatives that will create and sustain effective energy supply, including leveraging regional resources to further enhance efficiency, and attain the desired social and economic outcomes in their respective countries. Some initiatives have been well tested in other parts of the world whilst others are necessarily re-engineered to suit local conditions.
In Nigeria, the government has opted to implement multiple layers of initiatives to both stabilise the electricity sub-sector and improve efficiency of electricity production and supply. Recently, the Nigerian government increased efforts to privatise the nation’s electricity sub-sector through the execution of sale agreements with 15 of the successful bidders for the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) successor companies, paving the way for private sector led electricity industry activities in the country.