Generation

Power generation is the process of producing electric power from sources of primary energy. Energy resources can be classified in three categories namely renewable, fossil, and nuclear. Within the generation categories renewable comprise of wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, and hydropower. Fossil fuels include coal, petroleum, natural gas For utilities in the electric power industry, generation is the stage prior to the delivery of power to end users (transmission, distribution, etc.) or its storage (using, for example, the pumped-storage method). Electricity generation is carried out in power stations also called power plants.

Positive indications for Rwanda’s energy future

[img:Rwanda%20ps_0.jpg|The Jabana power
project in Rwanda
]Kigali, Rwanda --- ESI-AFRICA.COM --- 05 December 2012 - All indications are positive for the energy sector in Rwanda as 2012 begins, with the government  intensifying its strategy that adequate energy is crucial to the acceleration of the country’s economic growth.

“The New Times” reports that one of the indicators is the Kivuwatt methane project in Kibuye, which is already underway and is expected to start producing an initial 25MW of electricity by July 2012. This will increase Rwanda's installed capacity by 40% before eventually producing 100 MW.

Bayelsa State to withdraw from Nigerian power grid

[img:Grid%20bd_0.jpg|Nigerian
commissioner for
energy Maxwell Oko
]Doha, Qatar --- ESI-AFRICA.COM --- 05 January 2012 - Bayelsa State government is planning to withdraw from the Nigerian national power grid, and to offer huge incentives ‒ including land and equity partnership ‒ to foreign entities willing to invest in the state.

Revealing this to newsmen here, commissioner for energy Maxwell Oko explained that the planned pull-out was due to the Bayelsa government's ownership of over 98% of infrastructure used in power distribution in the state. He also assured the investors that the electricity to be generated by Bayelsa would be highly subsidised.

Ivory Coast to build new power station

[img:Ivory%20ci_0.jpg|Aerial view of the 110MW
extension to the Vridi 2 power
plant in Abidjan ‒ now a new
275MW hydroelectric plant is
to be built in the Soubre area
]Abidjan, Ivory Coast --- ESI-AFRICA.COM --- 03 January 2012 - Ivory Coast is to build a new 275 megawatt (MW) hydroelectric power station in the Soubre area of the country, about 200km west of the capital, according to the Ministry of Mines.

Nile Basin Initiative names consultant

[img:Nile%20fa_0.jpg|Waterfall on the
Nile River ‒ the
initiative moves
ahead
]Addis Ababa, Ethiopia --- ESI-AFRICA.COM --- 03 January 2012 - The 10-nation Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) has named international consultants to perform data processing and modeling for a Basin Decision Support System (DSS) for its water resources planning and management programme.

Rwandan company to build mini hydropower plant

[img:Plant%20b_0.jpg|A mini-hydro plant
in Kenya ‒ now one is
to be built in Rwanda
]Kigali, Rwanda --- ESI-AFRICA.COM--- 19 December 2011 - Rwanda Mountain Tea, a local tea processing company, is set to construct a mini hydropower plant, worth US$12 million that will produce 4 megawatts (MW) of electricity, which will be fed into the national grid.

Citing “The New Times”, allAfrica.com reports that the Nyabihu-based firm becomes the first local company to invest in hydro power generation. The power generated from the plant. Which is to be built on River Giciye in Nyabihu, will be used to power the tea factories, while the surplus will be sold to national energy and water utility, EWSA.

Kusile power station in demand

[img:Locals%20-%20Pic%201_0.jpg|Eskom’s Kusile power
station ‒ subject of
a supply debate
]Johannesburg, South Africa --- ESI-AFRICA.COM --- 15 December 2011 - South African national power utility Eskom’s new coal-fired power station Kusile ‒ due for commissioning of its first generating set in 2015 ‒ appears to have become the subject of a bidding tussle between Anglo-American Coal and Australian-listed Universal Coal.

Three more Zimbabwean firms apply for power licences

[img:RioZim%20-%20Pic%201_0.jpg|Zimbabwe’s coal-fired
Hwange power plant ‒
another coal-fired plant
is to be built by China
Africa Sunlight
]Harare, Zimbabwe --- ESI-AFRICA.COM --- 15 December 2011 - Three more companies have applied for power-generation licences from the Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority (Zera), in order to establish power stations with a combined capacity of 125 megawatts (MW).

Namibia expects power shortage next year

[img:Namibia%20-r_0.jpg|The turbines and
generator tunnel at
Namibia’s Ruacana
power station
]Windhoek, Namibia --- ESI-AFRICA.COM --- 14 October 2011 - The people of Namibia may have to brace for a chilly season next year, as there is a real possibility that available electricity at that time will not be adequate for the entire country's needs.

Power utility Nampower's current projections are of an 80 Megawatt (MW) shortage during next year's winter season, and the shortfall is expected to reach 300MW in four years' time. The mining sector is the main driver of the electricity demand, according to Nampower.

Uganda allows Eskom to use water from Lake Victoria

[img:Victoria%20su_0.jpg|Lake Victoria ‒
agreement with Eskom
sets off problems
]Kampala, Uganda --- ESI-AFRICA.COM --- 14 December 2011 - Uganda’s Directorate of Water Resources Management has cleared South African national power utility Eskom Holdings to make use of water from Lake Victoria for power generation.

“The directorate allowed Eskom to discharge 1,000 cubic metres of water per second in order to generate power of at least 50MW,” said Mugisha Shilingi, the director of water resources management.

Mozambique energy projects suffer shortage of qualified labour

[img:Shortage%20p_0.jpg|Eduardo Mondlane
university in Maputo
‒ only trains 20 to 30
engineers, geologists
and metallurgists a
year
]London, England --- ESI-AFRICA.COM --- 13 December 2011 - The rapid expansion of the activities of power and mining projects is drying up all of Mozambique’s qualified workers, leading the government to launch exceptional measures, including a review of the country’s labour law.

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